When looking at the population and steets in Middleburg City, VA, it is important to note that the area is primarily rural and is home to a number of retirees. Of the 330 full-time residents in the city, 38% work outside of the city and a small percentage of residents are Hispanic. The employment rate for Middleburg is affected by national trends as well. While 78% of workers in the city work outside of the community, more than half of the employed population work within the town.
The Town also encourages more business development in the area. Businesses in Middleburg provide a variety of goods and services. They range from one-person operations in residential areas to large employers. Among the many concerns raised by the citizens were the need for more restaurants and other retail space. Other concerns included bicycle and pedestrian trails and an updated sidewalk network. The survey is a useful tool for the Town to use to guide future growth.
The Middleburg Historic District was designated as a National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Its historic downtown was established by Burr Powell and was later called the "Middleburg Freedman's Bureau." The city's African American population was approximately fifty percent before the Civil War but decreased to 35 percent afterward. After the Civil War, freed slaves were given ownership of some land in the area and Middleburg's population dwindled from nearly fifty percent to thirty-five percent.