This article explores the role of race in the city of Paris, France. By analyzing the relationship between race and class, we learn about the importance of identity in this city. The French Republican model de-emphasized the importance of ethnic and racial communities, and claimed that citizens should only interact with the state as an individual. However, in Paris, the opposite is true: living in an immigrant-rich neighborhood identifies one as a visible minority or non-white.
The city has retained the original circular shape of its early years, although its boundaries have expanded to include towns, largely built around monasteries, churches, and markets. From the mid-14th century, Paris grew primarily eastward. Today, Paris is comprised of 20 arrondissements, each with a mayor and town hall. The population of Paris is organized by age group, race, and ethnicity.
Paris is home to several international organisations, including the United Nations, the OECD, and the European Space Agency. It also hosts the modern Olympics, which first took place in 1894. Currently, there are high-speed rail links from the city to several major European cities. With so many high-tech businesses and universities, Paris is a hotbed for business and entrepreneurship. It is home to the world's largest financial center, the Paris Stock Exchange, and the European Union.
The Paris Urban Design Initiative (PUDI) project is spread across Paris's entire territory, with a greater concentration of projects in low-income parts of the city, and fewer projects in the affluent suburbs of West Paris. The project's success was largely due to political leadership. The Mayor of Paris was an advocate for the approach, and he allowed project managers to experiment with their methods. The City of Paris engaged its residents at every stage of development, and community networks provided valuable feedback on the selected projects.