The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University named Sacramento the nation's most diverse city in 2002. With 10% of its population identifying as LGBT, it is the third most diverse city in California and seventh largest city in the U.S. The city has been steadily losing non-Hispanic white residents since the 1940s, dropping from 53% to 34.5% by 1990, but experienced a rebound in the 2000s and '00s, when the Hispanic and Asian populations exploded.
The city's neighborhoods are also being affected by redistricting. One example is Oak Park, which lost more Black residents than any other area in Sacramento City during the past decade. However, the new boundaries will keep the neighborhood within its district for at least another decade. However, residents in the area know that the neighborhood will never be the same. During the last redistricting process, Black homeownership reached an all-time high of 43%, and that number is expected to decline to just 25% in the next 10 years.
The City of Sacramento was first laid out in December 1848 by John Sutter Jr. and Sam Brannan, two men who were deeply in debt, and were unable to stop the project. They named the city Sacramento City after the Sacramento River, which flows through it. In 1848, the Sacramento underground was filled with gold, and the city grew to 10,000 people in just five years. It is home to several historic sites, including the Elks Tower, which was completed in 1926 in Italianate style.