The population of Carthage City was over 5.6 billion in 2014, including both citizens and permanent residents. This figure includes both legal and illegal immigrants, and represents a quadrupling of the population since the year 1900. The city's government generally champions civil and human rights, although the level of priority has varied from administration to administration. The most recent census shows a decrease in immigration, but overall population growth rates remain positive.
In the early 1100s, the city experienced a period of growth and development. Agriculture and culture grew along the north African coast, and the city established an important trading fleet, based on European cogs. In the early 1200s, it also benefited from trade caravans from the delta region of the Niger river. This expansion in trade helped the city build a modern economy.
The government of Carthage is run by two elected suffetes, who control the day-to-day operations of the country. These suffetes are the head of state, and they serve four-year terms. Their power is vested in their position because they have veto power over their junior suffets' executive orders. Together, the suffets can veto bills approved by the legislature. The suffets are also nominally the commanders of the armed forces. The military is managed by professional officers, but they are not directly involved in governing the city.
The Imperial Museum is the largest fine art museum in the city, with four museums and three satellite museums in other major cities. Most major museums, like the Imperial Museum, are run by the government's Department of Education and Culture, and admission to them is free. Other museums, such as the Lagos Modern Art Gallery, charge entrance fees to cover operating expenses. These institutions offer a wide range of artistic treasures.